Test vectors for ristretto255

ristretto255 encodes group elements using 255 bits and provides a prime-order group of size 2^252. It can be implemented using Curve25519.

For ristretto255, the parameters are \[ \begin{aligned} p &= 2^{255}-19 \\ a_2 = a &= -1 \\ d_2 = d &= -121665/121666. \end{aligned} \] Field elements are considered negative when their low bit is set, as in Ed25519. The Elligator map uses \(n = +\sqrt{-1}\) as the quadratic nonresidue.

// The test vectors below also have code to test them against the
// curve25519_dalek implementation.

extern crate sha2;
extern crate hex;
extern crate curve25519_dalek;

# fn main() {
// The following are the byte encodings of small multiples 
//     [0]B, [1]B, ..., [15]B
// of the basepoint, represented as hex strings.

let encodings_of_small_multiples = [
    // This is the identity point
    "0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
    // This is the basepoint
    "e2f2ae0a6abc4e71a884a961c500515f58e30b6aa582dd8db6a65945e08d2d76",
    // These are small multiples of the basepoint
    "6a493210f7499cd17fecb510ae0cea23a110e8d5b901f8acadd3095c73a3b919",
    "94741f5d5d52755ece4f23f044ee27d5d1ea1e2bd196b462166b16152a9d0259",
    "da80862773358b466ffadfe0b3293ab3d9fd53c5ea6c955358f568322daf6a57",
    "e882b131016b52c1d3337080187cf768423efccbb517bb495ab812c4160ff44e",
    "f64746d3c92b13050ed8d80236a7f0007c3b3f962f5ba793d19a601ebb1df403",
    "44f53520926ec81fbd5a387845beb7df85a96a24ece18738bdcfa6a7822a176d",
    "903293d8f2287ebe10e2374dc1a53e0bc887e592699f02d077d5263cdd55601c",
    "02622ace8f7303a31cafc63f8fc48fdc16e1c8c8d234b2f0d6685282a9076031",
    "20706fd788b2720a1ed2a5dad4952b01f413bcf0e7564de8cdc816689e2db95f",
    "bce83f8ba5dd2fa572864c24ba1810f9522bc6004afe95877ac73241cafdab42",
    "e4549ee16b9aa03099ca208c67adafcafa4c3f3e4e5303de6026e3ca8ff84460",
    "aa52e000df2e16f55fb1032fc33bc42742dad6bd5a8fc0be0167436c5948501f",
    "46376b80f409b29dc2b5f6f0c52591990896e5716f41477cd30085ab7f10301e",
    "e0c418f7c8d9c4cdd7395b93ea124f3ad99021bb681dfc3302a9d99a2e53e64e",
];

// Test the encodings of small multiples

use curve25519_dalek::constants;
use curve25519_dalek::traits::Identity;
use curve25519_dalek::ristretto::RistrettoPoint;

let B = &constants::RISTRETTO_BASEPOINT_POINT;
let mut P = RistrettoPoint::identity();
for i in 0..16 {
    assert_eq!(
        hex::encode(P.compress().as_bytes()),
        encodings_of_small_multiples[i],
    );
    P = P + B;
}

// The following are invalid encodings, which should all be rejected.
// These are designed to test each of the checks during decoding.

let bad_encodings = [
    // These are all bad because they're non-canonical field encodings.
    "00ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff",
    "ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff7f",
    "f3ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff7f",
    "edffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff7f",
    // These are all bad because they're negative field elements.
    "0100000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000",
    "01ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff7f",
    "ed57ffd8c914fb201471d1c3d245ce3c746fcbe63a3679d51b6a516ebebe0e20",
    "c34c4e1826e5d403b78e246e88aa051c36ccf0aafebffe137d148a2bf9104562",
    "c940e5a4404157cfb1628b108db051a8d439e1a421394ec4ebccb9ec92a8ac78",
    "47cfc5497c53dc8e61c91d17fd626ffb1c49e2bca94eed052281b510b1117a24",
    "f1c6165d33367351b0da8f6e4511010c68174a03b6581212c71c0e1d026c3c72",
    "87260f7a2f12495118360f02c26a470f450dadf34a413d21042b43b9d93e1309",
    // These are all bad because they give a nonsquare x^2.
    "26948d35ca62e643e26a83177332e6b6afeb9d08e4268b650f1f5bbd8d81d371",
    "4eac077a713c57b4f4397629a4145982c661f48044dd3f96427d40b147d9742f",
    "de6a7b00deadc788eb6b6c8d20c0ae96c2f2019078fa604fee5b87d6e989ad7b",
    "bcab477be20861e01e4a0e295284146a510150d9817763caf1a6f4b422d67042",
    "2a292df7e32cababbd9de088d1d1abec9fc0440f637ed2fba145094dc14bea08",
    "f4a9e534fc0d216c44b218fa0c42d99635a0127ee2e53c712f70609649fdff22",
    "8268436f8c4126196cf64b3c7ddbda90746a378625f9813dd9b8457077256731",
    "2810e5cbc2cc4d4eece54f61c6f69758e289aa7ab440b3cbeaa21995c2f4232b",
    // These are all bad because they give a negative xy value.
    "3eb858e78f5a7254d8c9731174a94f76755fd3941c0ac93735c07ba14579630e",
    "a45fdc55c76448c049a1ab33f17023edfb2be3581e9c7aade8a6125215e04220",
    "d483fe813c6ba647ebbfd3ec41adca1c6130c2beeee9d9bf065c8d151c5f396e",
    "8a2e1d30050198c65a54483123960ccc38aef6848e1ec8f5f780e8523769ba32",
    "32888462f8b486c68ad7dd9610be5192bbeaf3b443951ac1a8118419d9fa097b",
    "227142501b9d4355ccba290404bde41575b037693cef1f438c47f8fbf35d1165",
    "5c37cc491da847cfeb9281d407efc41e15144c876e0170b499a96a22ed31e01e",
    "445425117cb8c90edcbc7c1cc0e74f747f2c1efa5630a967c64f287792a48a4b",
    // This is s = -1, which causes y = 0.
    "ecffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff7f",
];

// Test that all of the bad encodings are rejected

use curve25519_dalek::ristretto::CompressedRistretto;

let mut bad_bytes = [0u8; 32];
for bad_encoding in &bad_encodings {
    bad_bytes.copy_from_slice(&hex::decode(bad_encoding).unwrap());
    assert!(CompressedRistretto(bad_bytes).decompress().is_none());
}

// The following are a list of UTF-8 encoded strings, and the byte
// encodings of performing hash-to-point with SHA-512.

let labels = [
    "Ristretto is traditionally a short shot of espresso coffee",
    "made with the normal amount of ground coffee but extracted with",
    "about half the amount of water in the same amount of time",
    "by using a finer grind.", 
    "This produces a concentrated shot of coffee per volume.",
    "Just pulling a normal shot short will produce a weaker shot",
    "and is not a Ristretto as some believe.",
];

let encoded_hash_to_points = [
    "3066f82a1a747d45120d1740f14358531a8f04bbffe6a819f86dfe50f44a0a46",
    "f26e5b6f7d362d2d2a94c5d0e7602cb4773c95a2e5c31a64f133189fa76ed61b",
    "006ccd2a9e6867e6a2c5cea83d3302cc9de128dd2a9a57dd8ee7b9d7ffe02826",
    "f8f0c87cf237953c5890aec3998169005dae3eca1fbb04548c635953c817f92a",
    "ae81e7dedf20a497e10c304a765c1767a42d6e06029758d2d7e8ef7cc4c41179",
    "e2705652ff9f5e44d3e841bf1c251cf7dddb77d140870d1ab2ed64f1a9ce8628",
    "80bd07262511cdde4863f8a7434cef696750681cb9510eea557088f76d9e5065",
];

// Test the encodings above.

use sha2::{Sha512, Digest};

for i in 0..7 {
    let point = RistrettoPoint::hash_from_bytes::<Sha512>(labels[i].as_bytes());
    assert_eq!(
        hex::encode(point.compress().as_bytes()),
        encoded_hash_to_points[i],
    );
}
# }